Sep 06, 2023
How to Make a Minecraft Server: Setting Up a Server on Linux, Windows, and macOS
Running a private Minecraft server lets you create a custom world and play with friends online. Although setting up a Minecraft server may seem difficult, it only takes minutes with the right tools.
Using a virtual private server is the easiest way to set up a Minecraft server. This article will cover how to make a Minecraft server with Hostinger. We will specifically focus on Minecraft: Java Edition.
Additionally, we will explain how to make your own local Minecraft server on different operating systems and avoid common errors during the configuration process.
Learn How to Make a Minecraft Server With Hostinger Academy
Too busy to read? Watch this video to learn how to create your own Minecraft server.
How to Make a Minecraft Server on VPS
In this section, we will show you how to make a Minecraft server on Hostinger’s VPS using Game Panel. We recommend this method for beginners since it requires no coding.
1. Choose a Minecraft Hosting Plan
Purchasing Minecraft server hosting helps save money and effort. The hosting provider will set up your server, manage its back end, and ensure optimal uptime. This allows you to focus on the in-game configuration.
When choosing a provider, make sure it offers various features and suits your budget. Hostinger offers three Minecraft server hosting plans with these features starting at $6.99/month:
- Ample server resources – provides up to 16 GB RAM and 4 vCPU, more than enough for over 20 players.
- Distributed denial of service (DDoS) protection – protects your Minecraft server from cyber attacks to ensure optimal performance and uptime.
- Automatic off-site backup – regularly backs up your Minecraft server files for easy recovery in case of an accident or cyber attack.
- Mod support – lets users easily install mods and texture packs on the server to customize their gameplay.
- Custom Game Panel – offers various tools and a graphical user interface (GUI) to help simplify Minecraft server management tasks.
2. Set Up Your Minecraft Hosting
After purchasing a plan from Hostinger, set up your virtual private server by accessing hPanel → VPS and selecting your new Minecraft server hosting plan.
Enter information including the server name, Game Panel password, and preferred server location. We recommend choosing the server location closest to the players.
3. Configure Your Minecraft Game Panel
To configure the Minecraft server in Game Panel, navigate to hPanel’s VPS management screen → Panel access. Click Login URL and enter the login credentials.
On the main menu, follow these steps:
- Click Create instance.
- From the Select Application drop-down menu, select Minecraft Java Edition.
- Select the instance behavior from the After Creation menu.
- Click Start instance.
Wait until the new instance shows up on the main menu. Then, follow these steps to configure it:
- Click your new instance and select Manage.
- Press Start and accept the Minecraft server end-user license agreement (EULA).
- Click Return to Instances and copy the endpoint from the sidebar to connect to your server.
How to Make a Minecraft Server on Linux
This section will show you how to create a Minecraft multiplayer server manually on Ubuntu or CentOS. We recommend using the latest version of each software to avoid compatibility issues.
1. Install Java, Screen, and wget
Java, Linux Screen, and wget are essential software for your Minecraft server installation. Here are their functions:
- Java – runs Minecraft and JAR files.
- Screen – lets users use a remote terminal from multiple locations and maintain sessions in case of connectivity issues.
- wget – allows users to retrieve files from a remote server via Terminal.
If you use Hostinger’s VPS, obtain the server IP address and SSH login credentials via hPanel. Then, connect to your remote server via SSH using PuTTY or Terminal. Otherwise, proceed with the installation:
Ubuntu and Debian:
Download and install the newest version of Java, Screen, and wget using the following commands. While you can use different Java runtime environments, we will use OpenJDK since it’s the simplest to install:
apt-get update apt-get install software-properties-common screen wget apt-transport-https gnupg curl apt-get update apt install openjdk-19-jre-headless
Run the following commands to install all the required software packages:
sudo yum update sudo yum install java -y sudo yum install epel-release java-latest-openjdk wget screen -y
2. Configure the Minecraft Server
After installing the packages, follow these steps to set up the game server:
- Run this command to create a new folder for your Minecraft server configuration files:
- Enter this command to move to the Minecraft server folder:
- Use wget to download the server setup file from the Minecraft website:
- Use this command to run the Minecraft server software setup file. Omit nogui if you want a GUI. If the command doesn’t work, change the file name to server.jar:
java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar minecraft_server.1.19.jar nogui
- The server will create a EULA file. To accept it, run this command to open the eula.txt file with the Nano text editor:
sudo nano eula.txt
- Modify the eula value from false to true and save the changes.
- Activate Screen to allow the server to run in the background.
screen -S "Minecraft server 1"
Important! Make sure your Minecraft installation matches the server version. In our case, it is 1.19.
3. Run Your Minecraft Server
Enter this command to run the Minecraft: Java Edition server. Remember to change the Minecraft version number accordingly.
java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar minecraft_server.1.19.jar nogui
We entered 1024M since the server requires at least 1024 MB or 1 GB of RAM. Feel free to change the number according to your server resource.
The server window will remain open in the background. Press CTRL + A, then D to leave Screen. Enter the following in the server command line to reopen it:
We recommend using the default server configuration to prevent issues. If you want to modify it, run the following to open the server properties file with Nano:
Minecraft players can join the server via Multiplayer → Add server. Then, enter the server name and public IP address.
How to Make a Minecraft Server on Windows
You can create a private local server for Minecraft if your computer meets the hardware and system requirements. The process will depend on your operating system.
For example, here’s how to set up a basic server on Windows:
1. Press Win + R and enter cmd to open Windows Command Prompt. Then, run this command to check the currently installed version of Java:
2. Minecraft and its servers require Java SE Development Kit 17 or higher. If you have an older release, download the latest version from the official Java website.
3. Download the Minecraft: Java Edition JAR server software.
4. Create a new Minecraft server folder and move the JAR file there.
5. Double-click the file to generate a EULA in the server folder.
6. Open eula.txt using a text editor like Notepad and change the eula value from false to true. You must accept the Minecraft EULA to start the game.
7. In the same folder, create a new text document.
8. Open the new text file and paste this script to run Minecraft.
@echo off start "My Server" /min java -Xms256M -Xmx1G -jar server.jar nogui
-Xms256M and -Xmx1G are the server’s minimum and maximum RAM for the game.
9. Choose Save As. Rename the file to run.bat and select All types.
10. Double-click the batch file to start the server. If the firewall permission window pops up, click Allow.
You can run the server manually instead of using the BAT file. To do so, open Command Prompt and navigate to the Minecraft folder. For example:
Then, run the command manually to execute the server JAR file:
java -Xmx256M -Xms1024M -jar server.jar nogui
Edit the server.properties file in the same folder to adjust your server settings, such as the default Minecraft port, game mode, and maximum players.
To connect to the server, open Minecraft and click Multiplayer → Direct Connection. Enter localhost or your server’s local IP address in the Server Address field and click Join Server.
How to Make a Minecraft Server on macOS
Setting up a Minecraft server in macOS involves similar steps to Windows. Here’s how to do it:
1. The newer macOS version should have Java installed by default. To check if it’s already installed, run this command in Terminal:
2. Skip this step if the command outputs the version number. Otherwise, download and install a legacy version of Java.
3. Create a folder for your Minecraft server files.
4. Download and move the Minecraft server setup file to that directory.
5. Open TextEdit and click Format → Make Plain Text. Copy and paste the following lines:
!/bin/bash cd "$(dirname "$0")" exec java -Xms1024M -Xmx1024M -jar minecraft_server.1.19.jar nogui
6. Save this file as startmc.command in the same directory as the server file.
7. Open Terminal and navigate to your Minecraft folder. For example:
8. Grant the startmc.command file the execute permission using the chmod command:
chmod a+x startmc.command
9. Double-click the COMMAND file to start the server in a new terminal window.
A missing file or directory warning might appear when you run a Minecraft server for the first time.
Minecraft Server Troubleshooting
Configuration and internet connection issues may cause Minecraft server errors. Here are some of the most common issues and their solutions.
How to Fix “This Server Responded With An Invalid Server Key” Error
This Server Responded With An Invalid Server Key indicates that the server or the Minecraft launcher might be outdated. If it’s your server, try accessing the server’s localhost and restarting the client.
Since this error commonly occurs when starting the server using the EXE file, try the JAR file instead.
How to Fix “You Are Not Whitelisted On This Server” Error
A whitelist includes the list of players with access to the server. The You Are Not Whitelisted On This Server error means that the server operator hasn’t included the player in the whitelist.
To solve it, run the following command to enable the Minecraft server whitelist management.
Then, add the player to the whitelist. Replace playername with their username.
whitelist add playername
Here’s the command to see the list of players on the whitelist:
If you want to use these server commands in-game, precede them with a slash symbol. For example, /whitelist add playername.
How to Fix “Connection Refused: Connect” Error
The Connection Refused: Connect error message appears when Minecraft servers drop or cancel users’ connection requests. Here are several solutions for this error:
- Join the server via a different internet connection. Your internet issue may prevent you from connecting. If the issue persists after reconnecting, it’s likely a server error.
- Add Minecraft and the game launcher to the firewall exception list. The system firewall may block your connection. Configure your Linux firewall to allow the Java binary or javaw.exe.
- Reinstall your client and restart the server. Check if you can connect to other Minecraft servers. If there are no issues, your own client and server may be misconfigured and must be reinstalled.
Enhance Your Minecraft Server
Before playing Minecraft, consider taking additional steps to enhance your server.
For example, enable port forwarding to allow users outside your network to join the game using the public IP address. However, we recommend disabling it if you are playing on a local network since it exposes your server to security risks.
Learn how to host a Discord bot on your VPS.
Hosting your own server lets you create a custom Minecraft world and play online with friends. The easiest way to create one is by purchasing a VPS from a hosting provider like Hostinger. Here are the steps to set up a server on Hostinger Game Panel:
- Choose a Minecraft server hosting plan.
- Enter your server name, set a password, and select the closest server location.
- Open Game Panel and create a new instance.
- Configure the instance and copy the endpoint to connect to the server.
Alternatively, create the server on the VPS manually via SSH. However, this option takes longer and requires some technical knowledge.
You can also make your own server on a local Linux, Windows, or macOS system. To do so, install Java and the Minecraft server file using Command Prompt or Terminal. Then, create an executable file to start the server.
To improve the gameplay, enable your Minecraft server port forwarding and install mods. You may need to reconfigure the server to troubleshoot issues like invalid keys, whitelisting errors, and refused connections.
How to Make a Minecraft Server FAQ
This section will answer some of the most common questions about Minecraft server hosting and maintenance.
How Can I Limit Access to My Server to Only My Friends?
You can set up a whitelist that includes only your friends. Alternatively, disable port forwarding and keep the server’s IP address private among your friends.
How Do I Protect My Minecraft Server Against DDoS Attacks?
Choose a web host with built-in DDoS protection in their server, such as Hostinger. Alternatively, get a DDoS protection service from a third-party company like Cloudflare.
Can I Run a Minecraft Server for Free?
Yes. However, free Minecraft hosting plans tend to have limited server hardware resources and features, resulting in a poor gameplay experience. Self-hosting your own Minecraft server costs less than using a third-party service, but it requires some technical knowledge.